Work accidents


Many times we hear or read in the press that a worker has fallen from a scaffold, that there has been a collapse of a wall on a construction site or that an explosion has occurred in a factory. These are accidents of great resonance in the media. But there are also accidents that will never reach the media, such as injuries, dislocations and fractures, to mention just a few disorders that can occur in the workplace.

The list of accidents and occupational diseases, of course, is much broader.

Improve security
The prevention of work accidents is directly related to the continuous improvement of safety in companies. This has several aspects.
 Storage of materials.
Suitable space for tasks.
Lighting.
 Clean the place.
 Permanent evaluation of the conditions and production elements to repair and replace what is not in good condition.
Security in the use and maintenance of equipment and tools.
 Due to training in the use of machine tools.
 Provision of security elements, such as a helmet, glasses and gloves, and appropriate clothing.
Instruction in the use of materials and signage of those that can be dangerous, such as chemical products, as well as danger zones.
 Care of the internal and external environment.
 Regular measurements of the level or concentration of polluting materials, such as noise, heat, smoke, gases, vapors, bacteria, chemical products.
 Regular medical recognition of the staff.
Training of first aid personnel.
 Emergency cover.
 First-aid kit complete and accessible to all staff.

Take care of the bites of snakes.


People who live in rugged areas, with little or no urbanization, such as those who are going to spend their holidays there, are exposed to bites of snakes if they do not take certain precautions. Which are?


 Know the kinds of snakes that inhabit the region.
 Learn to differentiate vipers from snakes.
 Check the surroundings of the house (or the store) and the places where they can hide, such as firewood and sheds.
 Weave the surroundings so that they are not filled with rodents, the preferred food of the ophidians.
 Use sticks with hooks if necessary to remove something from the holes in the trees, deep vessels or firewood.
 Avoid crossing areas of tall grass or bushes, especially those that do not have marked trails.
 In the case of doing so, wear high-heeled shoes and, before getting caught, review it.
When walking in uninhabited pairs, bring a dog (which can recognize these animals by smell), or a stick finished in a fork, which allows immobilize them.
 Use caution if you urinate or defecate on the floor.
 Do not take a snake with your hand, even if it seems dead.


 Know the kinds of snakes that inhabit the region.
 Learn to differentiate vipers from snakes.
 Check the surroundings of the house (or the store) and the places where they can hide, such as firewood and sheds.
 Weave the surroundings so that they are not filled with rodents, the preferred food of the ophidians.
 Use sticks with hooks if necessary to remove something from the holes in the trees, deep vessels or firewood.
 Avoid crossing areas of tall grass or bushes, especially those that do not have marked trails.
 In the case of doing so, wear high-heeled shoes and, before getting caught, review it.
When walking in uninhabited pairs, bring a dog (which can recognize these animals by smell), or a stick finished in a fork, which allows immobilize them.
 Use caution if you urinate or defecate on the floor.
 Do not take a snake with your hand, even if it seems dead.

The sun on the skin.


The Sun is a source of health. Thanks to him, we fix essential vitamins for the organism. But, when you sunbathe, we must protect ourselves in a way, since exposing several hours to their rays damages the skin, and can even suffer disorders later, such as the appearance of wrinkles, spots, aging of the skin, peeling and tumors cutaneous

Let’s look at the precautions we should take.


 The best times to sunbathe are the morning hours, before 11 o’clock, and in the afternoon, after 16 o’clock, when the radiation is less intense.
 Always use sunscreen, with the factor that corresponds to age, skin color or specific skin problems.
 Wear a hat to protect the head, neck and ears.
 Use a garment during the moments of greatest radiation.
 Do not perform physical exercises of great effort in the sun, because the loss of water and minerals can produce a serious disorder known as “heat stroke”.
 Do not sit still or sleep in the sun.
 Drink plenty of water or juices, so as not to become dehydrated.
 Dark glasses are advisable, but the glasses must be of good quality, because otherwise they can cause worse damages.
 Lose skin and head when hot.
 Avoid spending a lot of time under the reflections of sand, snow and water, which increase the power of radiation.
 When it is a long time since the last exposure to the sun, you should start with 15 minutes, and gradually increase.

Enjoy the water

Floating, swimming, splashing in the water is extremely rewarding. Water is also therapeutic. Many people, in summer, try to be near a swimming pool, a river or the wonderful sea. What are the precautions that we must observe to enjoy the water without problems?
 If we want to take baths in the sea, it is convenient to observe the flags with the color code, which indicates if the state is good, doubtful or dangerous.
It is preferable that the beach or the pool have lifeguards.
 If you do not know how to swim, do not get away from the coast. Nor be on tiptoe, as the waves can cover the person or it can move towards depression of the ground without realizing it.
 When it is decided to swim, it is best to do it in a group.
 If someone asks for help, you must cooperate so that a lifeguard intervenes or to procure a lifesaver.
Do not bathe in rivers or lakes without knowing their depth and currents.
 Children must be watched over by an adult.
 When a cramp occurs, it is best to float and try to relax, and notify the nearest person.
 Always wear a lifejacket when practicing water sports.

Be careful with fire!


If we are going to make fire in the place where we camp, it is necessary to follow a series of rules to avoid fires and burns.
 One of the recommendations of the camper associations is to make a well 30 cm deep to protect the wind flame.
 A place must be chosen at a certain distance from the tent, to prevent smoke and sparks from reaching it.
Apagar well fire is another obligation of the camper. If we dig a hole, as we indicated before. Once the fire has been extinguished, everything is put together in the center and, when that cold, the material that has remained is mixed with the ashes in sight. Then everything is covered with clean earth and herbs.

Go camping.


It is one of the most pleasant experiences to enjoy the outdoors and it is worth trying, even once in a lifetime. It is the best way to be in contact with nature and develop physical and mental skills that make the person’s well-being.

I blow you have to take into account a series of preventions so that nothing will mess up the stay.
 Gather information about the area, state of the roads, etc.
 The chosen place to camp should be at a safe distance from rivers, lakes and the seashore, due to possible floods and tides. Remember that the mountain rivers can become a torrent when it rains on the peaks. Also note that the trees surrounding the site are not very old or are sick.
 The land where the store is installed must be flat and without stones, which is a perfect rest. Always clean it beforehand, to remove lumps and annoying twigs. In rainy areas, a trench must be dug around the perimeter of the store.
 Install the tent according to the manufacturer’s instructions and fix it properly.
The fire should always be away from the store and trees.
 Wear the right clothes for the climate of the place and always some to change when the one you are not using gets wet.
Do not forget the first aid kit.
 The flashlight and batteries are fundamental elements of the camper.
 Do not drink well water, ditches or pond if unknown fruits or mushrooms.
 When camping with caravan or trailer, it is important that the gas facilities are in perfect condition.

Helpful Tips:


In addition to choosing our food, there are certain hygienic measures that make the health of the digestive system.

 When we chew, we should not rush, but crush the food well with our teeth. By increasing the surface of the food, the action of digestive enzymes is accelerated.
 While we are eating, do not rush or get angry or argue. Eating without haste and without worries guarantees a good digestion.
 We must consume the food in maximum cleaning conditions. The meats should be well cooked, fruits and vegetables well washed, the food should be fresh and without contamination.
 Set fixed hours for meals and never stay on your stomach for a long time. In this way, the body regulates the secretion of gastric juices and ulcers are avoided.
It is advisable to consume the food at a normal temperature, neither too cold nor too hot.
We should avoid foods with artificial colors.
 Use salt and sugar sparingly. Some diseases, such as hypertension diabetes¸ are accentuated with its abuse.
 Do not perform strong physical exercises after eating.

A balanced diet.
It is one that combines in the necessary proportions proteins, carbohydrates and fats.

Protein-rich foods include red and white meats, milk, fish, eggs, cheese and legumes.

Foods rich in carbohydrates or carbohydrates are cereals, flours, bread, vegetables and fruits.

The rock foods in liquids or fats are oil (vegetable and animal), butter and cream.

In a 3,000-calorie diet, you should consume 375 g of carbohydrates, 112 g of protein and 116 g of fat.

Vitamins and their benefits
Where they are and what effects it causes.
Vitamin A: in cod, lamb and cow liver, whole milk, butter, fatty cheeses, egg yolks, carrots, mango, medlar and melon. It benefits vision, skin and mucous membranes.
 Vitamin B2: in veal liver, lamb, pork, etc .; milk, cheese, eggs, soybeans, turnips, spinach, parsley, almonds, hazelnuts, cocoa. Its lack causes lesions on the skin and mucous membranes, which are manifested by inflammation of the pharynx, lips and tongue, seborrheic dermatitis on the skin. Its pronounced shortage causes anemia and can cause cataracts.
 Vitamin B6: in meat, liver, cereals, corn, soy. Its scarcity causes skin lesions, corners, inflammation of the tongue and, in very rare cases, seizures in nursing infants.
 Vitamin B12: in meats, milk, eggs, liver. Its shortage causes anemia and disorders of the nervous system, from memory loss to disorders of the sense of touch. It is necessary for the multiplication of the cells. Its lack prevents the production of red blood cells.
 Vitamin C: in citrus fruits and potatoes. Its lack provokes hemorrhages, difficulty in the healing of the wounds of the skin, fall of the teeth, inflammation and bleeding in the gums and Amenia. It favors the absorption of iron.
Vitamin D: the main source of natural energy are ultraviolet rays. It facilitates the intestinal absorption of calcium.
 Vitamin E: in oils obtained from wheat seeds, in vegetables, legumes and women’s milk. Eliminates toxins and facilitates the integrity of the membrane of red blood cells.
• Folic acid: in vegetables with green leaves, some fruits and the liver. Intense cooking can destroy a large amount of folic acid contained in food. It is necessary for cell multiplication. To act, it is supplemented with vitamin B12.
Niacina: in meats, fish, whole-grain breads and peanuts. Its lack causes the disease of pellagra, whose manifestations are dementia, dermatitis and diarrhea.

THE CARE OF FOOD.


Food provides us with what we need to live, as long as we know its properties and how often and in what quantity we must include them in our daily diet. Eating is pleasant, nurturing is a preventive task of the first order and does not have to contradict itself with pleasure.

THE CARE OF FOOD

Good nutrition is characterized by the adequate intake of good quality food. It is one that satisfies the organic needs and repairs the plastic and energetic losses of the body.

The food we need:
Much of our health depends on the food we eat. A diet must contain the nutrients that the body requires to live balanced. They are: water, minerals, carbohydrates, they charge to provide energy for the growth, the recovery of the tissues and the regulation of the activities of the body.

Clear guidelines on food:
Dr. Pedro Escudero (1877-1963), Argentine nutritionist doctor, established guidelines for a healthy diet, which are valid today.

Amount: the food must be sufficient to supply the amount of calories we need and maintain the balance of the balance, which is the relationship between what enters and what is lost.

Quality: the diet must be complete. This means that it will contain all the essential substances that we mentioned.

Harmony: different foods must keep a certain proportion between their quantities.

Adequacy: the diet will be sufficient, complete, harmonious and appropriate to each organism, taking into account the age, sex, health status and activity.

Nutrient classes:
Liquids or fats – organic compounds – their function provide energy and participate in the development of cell membranes.

Carbohydrates or carbohydrates – organic compounds – their function provide energy and participate in the development of cell membranes.

Proteins – organic compounds – their function regulates the functions of the organism. They activate growth. They allow the absorption and fixation of mineral substances.

Vitamins – organic compounds – their function intervenes in the formation, growth and repair of tissues. They act as function regulators. They are part of the tissues.
Mineral salts – inorganic compounds – their function regulate metabolic processes.

How is energy measured?
The energy we need to live is measured in calories or kilocalories. Foods have different caloric values, according to the nutrients they contain. Let’s see:
1 gram of carbohydrates: 4 calories.
1 gram of protein: 4 calories.
1 gram of fat: 9 calories.

How many daily calories do we need?
There is no single diet for all people. The food requirements are different according to age, activity and health conditions. What is important is an idea that contains all the essential nutrients and in sufficient quantity.

The daily amount of calories our body needs to stay healthy varies according to different factors.

 Age: the caloric intake needed in the first years of life is higher than that of adulthood, since in childhood there are caloric requirements for the normal growth and development of the body (bones and muscles do not stop growing) ; as well as to replenish the energy that children spend on physical activity. As for adults, as our age progresses, the composition of the body varies. Thus, although we stay at the same weight, we lose muscle and gain fat; that’s why it’s important to stay active and perform sports, walks and physical exercises.
 Sex: women need fewer calories than men, since their body composition is different. They have a greater amount of fatty tissue, which requires less energy to be maintained than muscle tissue. In contrast, the man has more muscle mass, with which the calories to maintain it must be increased.
 Activity: is the main factor that can vary the amount of calories we need daily. If we increase physical activity, our need for calories increases.
 Biological Moment: the needs of calories increase during pregnancy and lactation. To normally cover the energy requirements of the mother and the baby, the caloric intake should be moderately increased by a total of 84,000 more calories, which will be distributed on a regular basis between the 20th and 30th trimesters of pregnancy. During lactation, the increase in calories will be higher to ensure proper milk production.
 Health Status: Calorie needs increase in certain conditions such as fever, burns, hyperthyroidism, surgery, etc